Alcoholism is a complex and pervasive disease that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by an inability to control or stop drinking despite negative consequences. While some individuals with alcoholism experience severe impairment and dysfunction, others can maintain a relatively normal life while still heavily relying on alcohol. This type of individual is known as a functioning alcoholic.
Living with a functioning alcoholic can be challenging because their addiction often goes unnoticed. They may excel in their careers, have stable relationships, and fulfill their responsibilities, all while concealing their alcohol dependence. However, the seemingly put-together facade can only mask the underlying struggles for so long.
Understanding the functioning alcoholic signs is the first step in helping an alcoholic get the support they need. In this article, we will explore the signs of a functioning alcoholic, the risk factors associated with their behavior, and the available treatment options.
What is a functioning alcoholic?
A functioning alcoholic is an individual who has developed an alcohol dependence but can maintain a semblance of normalcy in their day-to-day life. They often exhibit a high level of functionality in various aspects, such as work, relationships, and social interactions, which can make it challenging to recognize their underlying addiction.
Unlike those whose alcoholism is readily apparent, functioning alcoholics are skilled at hiding their excessive drinking and its adverse effects. Despite occasionally exhibiting functioning alcoholic signs, they can hold down jobs, meet their obligations, and present a public image that contradicts the chaos behind closed doors.
How can you identify a functioning alcoholic?
Spotting a functioning alcoholic can be challenging because they are masters of deception when it comes to their drinking habits. However, several signs of a functioning alcoholic can help you determine if someone you know is struggling with this type of addiction:
1. High alcohol tolerance
Functioning alcoholics typically develop a tolerance for alcohol, meaning they need to drink more to achieve the desired effect. This can make it challenging to identify their addiction, as they may consume large quantities of alcohol without showing obvious signs of intoxication.
2. Regular, secretive drinking
Among the signs of a functioning alcoholic is that they have a consistent pattern of drinking and often go to great lengths to hide their alcohol consumption. They may sneak drinks, keep stashes of alcohol in hidden places, or have a specific routine for when and where they drink.
3. Denial and defensiveness
When confronted about their drinking, one of the standard functioning alcoholic signs an individual will exhibit is vehemently denying having a problem. They may become defensive and angry or try to rationalize their behavior by pointing out their achievements and ability to maintain responsibilities.
4. Preoccupation with alcohol
When thinking about what is a functioning alcoholic, this characteristic comes to mind: preoccupation with alcohol. They spend a significant amount of time thinking about when they can have their next drink, planning their drinking sessions, or finding ways to ensure a steady supply of alcohol.
5. Drinking to cope
Many functioning alcoholics use alcohol as a way to cope with stress, anxiety, or other negative emotions. They may turn to alcohol as a form of self-medication, relying on it to numb their feelings and escape from the challenges of life.
6. Neglecting personal well-being
What is a functioning alcoholic, and what is one of the common functioning alcoholic signs? Well, functional alcoholics typically neglect their physical and emotional well-being, prioritizing drinking over other activities and responsibilities. This can lead to decreased personal hygiene, frequent mood swings, and a lack of interest in hobbies or social engagements.
7. Physical and mental health issues
Functioning alcoholics are at risk of developing various health problems, including liver disease, cardiovascular issues, and mental health disorders. However, they may downplay or hide these issues, making it even more challenging to recognize the extent of their alcohol dependency.
How do functioning alcoholics behave?
Another thing to keep in mind when thinking about what is a functioning alcoholic is that they often exhibit specific behaviors that allow them to maintain their addiction while appearing functional. These behaviors include:
One of the many functioning alcoholic signs involves manipulation. They are skilled at manipulating others to hide their drinking and minimize suspicion. This can involve lying about their alcohol consumption, making excuses for their behavior, or shifting blame onto others.
2. Workplace concealment
Functioning alcoholics may go to great lengths to hide their drinking at work, such as keeping alcohol stashed in discreet locations, using mints or gum to mask the smell, or taking frequent breaks to drink.
3. Maintaining a public image
Another common indicator on the list of functioning alcoholic signs involves an individual carefully curating a facade of normalcy and control in social and professional settings. They often focus on maintaining a positive public image and may go to great lengths to appear responsible, reliable, and in control.
What are the risks of being a functioning alcoholic?
Now that you know what is a functioning alcoholic, let us discover the risks of being one. While it may seem like a functioning alcoholic has everything under control, this couldn’t be further from the truth. Their ability to maintain a facade of normalcy is precarious, and their behavior poses significant risks, both for themselves and those around them:
1. Delayed treatment
One of the primary risks of being a functioning alcoholic is the delay in seeking treatment. Since their addiction is often hidden, they may continue to drink heavily for an extended period, increasing the potential for severe health consequences.
2. Progression to severe alcoholism
Without intervention, many functioning alcoholics eventually transition to a more severe form of alcoholism. The longer they continue their destructive drinking patterns, the greater the likelihood of experiencing serious physical, psychological, and social consequences.
3. Deterioration of functionality
As alcohol dependency worsens, the ability to maintain a functional facade becomes increasingly challenging. The individual may start to experience difficulties in their personal and professional life, such as strained relationships, performance issues at work, and financial problems.
4. Increased health risks
Functioning alcoholics are at a heightened risk of developing alcohol-related health problems, including liver disease, pancreatitis, and certain types of cancer. These risks continue to escalate as their drinking persists.
5. Accidents and injuries
They are prone to an increased risk of accidents and injuries due to the impairing effects of alcohol. This risk extends to others as well, as functioning alcoholics may engage in hazardous behaviors, such as drunk driving, putting innocent lives in danger.
6. Emotional and social consequences
Functioning alcoholics are also susceptible to significant emotional and social consequences. Their addiction can strain relationships, lead to social isolation, and contribute to feelings of guilt, shame, and depression.
Getting help for a functioning alcoholic
Recognizing the signs of a functioning alcoholic and understanding the risks associated with their behavior is crucial, but it’s just the first step. Convincing them to seek help can be challenging, as they may be resistant to acknowledging their addiction. However, there are several strategies you can employ to support them in their journey to recovery:
1. Choose the right time and approach
When discussing their drinking, it’s essential to pick an appropriate time and approach that minimizes defensiveness. Express your concern in a non-judgmental and compassionate manner, emphasizing that you are there to support them.
2. Provide specific examples
Sharing concrete instances where their drinking has had a negative impact can help them see the discrepancy between their perceived control and the reality of the situation.
3. Suggest a professional intervention
Sometimes, a formal intervention led by a professional may be necessary. This can help break down their resistance and create an opportunity for them to hear from loved ones about the impact of their drinking.
4. Research treatment options
Before approaching them, gather information about different treatment options, such as therapy, support groups, and specialized alcohol rehab programs. Being prepared demonstrates your commitment to helping them find the most suitable path to recovery.
5. Offer ongoing support
Recovery is challenging; your continued support and encouragement can make a significant difference. Be there to listen, attend therapy sessions if requested, and help create an alcohol-free environment.
How can you treat functioning alcoholics?
Overcoming functioning alcoholism requires a comprehensive treatment approach that addresses both the physical and psychological aspects of addiction. The following are common elements of treatment for functioning alcoholics:
The first step in treatment is often a medically supervised detoxification process to manage withdrawal symptoms safely.
2. Medical intervention
Functioning alcoholics may benefit from medications that can help reduce cravings and prevent relapse.
Various forms of therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, individual counseling, and group therapy, can help the individual address the underlying causes of their addiction and develop healthier coping mechanisms.
4. Support groups
Participating in support groups, such as Alcoholics Anonymous, can provide ongoing encouragement and a sense of community in recovery.
5. Aftercare planning
Developing a comprehensive aftercare plan is essential to maintaining sobriety. This may include ongoing therapy, regular check-ins with a healthcare professional, and making necessary lifestyle changes to avoid triggers and temptations.
Alcoholism is a disease that can manifest in various ways, including the deceptive facade of a functioning alcoholic. These individuals are skilled at hiding their addiction behind a seemingly put-together life, but several signs of a functioning alcoholic can help identify their struggle.
Understanding the risk factors and recognizing the signs of a functioning alcoholic are crucial steps in assisting them to seek appropriate treatment. By acknowledging their condition and offering support, we can guide them toward recovery and a healthier lifestyle.
Get support at Happy House Recovery Center
If you or a loved one is struggling with alcohol addiction, seek help from a trusted rehabilitation center. Happy House Recovery Center is dedicated to assisting individuals in achieving lasting sobriety and wellness. We offer services in alcohol rehab in Murfreesboro, TN.
Contact us to speak to one of our representatives and learn more about our personalized treatment programs to help those exhibiting functioning alcoholic signs.